Macular degeneration is a leading cause of Visual loss . The macula is part of the back of the eye that turns images to signals that allows you to see small details.It can start to break down as we get older and can present with blurred vision or colour distortion or even a whiteout in your central vision. Visual hallucinations ,making out a clock or even going up or down a stairs can become difficult. There are 2 types - dry (more common-85%) and wet ( new blood vessels grow in the macula and distort the eye ).In the dry type bits of fat or proetin collect in the retina and they could become large and distort the light. This progresses slower that the wet which affects the vision rapidly. Causes- we are not aware of all the causes but family history,over 50-females and smokers and obseity carry a greater risk.Exposure to excess sunlight can also contribute.Caucasians are more likely as they carry the gene as well .Persons with lighter eyes do not deflect the UV rays as well also giving them susceptibility. Treatment The role of Vitamin C and E as well as lutein and zeaxanthin, (green leafy vegetables such as spinach, eggs) help filter out wavelengths of light that can harm cells in your eyes.They might slow it down. So encourage a healthy lifestyle and exercise,quit smoking and enjoy a diet rich in leafy green vegetables and fish. Keep an eye on your blood pressure and cholestrol and protect your eyes from strong UV light by wearing sunglasses. In general, if you're older than 45 you should get a complete eye exam by an eye doctor such an an Opthlamologist.If you notice any change in your vision or deterioration in your vision please get this checked. There's no absolute cure, but treatment for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) may slow the disease and keep you from having a severe loss of vision. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about the best way to manage your condition. Specialist Treatment-Injections may stop new vessels from forming and help the leaking new vessels .This may help some people regain their vision .Laser therapy .Vitamins. - formula that has vitamins C and E, beta-carotene, zinc, and copper.Lutein ad Zeaxanthin The earlier you get a diagnosis of AMD, the greater the chance that treatment will help.